Understanding Drainage: Why it Matters in Landscaping

Understanding Drainage: Why it Matters in Landscaping

If you're working on a landscaping project, one of the essential things you must consider is the drainage system. It plays a crucial role in maintaining a healthy and beautiful landscape. In this article, we'll discuss why drainage matters in landscaping, the different types of drainage system, and how to improve your landscape's drainage.

Why Drainage Matters in Landscaping

Drainage is essential in landscaping because it prevents water from pooling on your property. Excessive pooling can damage your lawn, flowers, and plants. It can also cause soil erosion, which can lead to the washing away of soil and sediment. Proper drainage ensures that your landscape's water is not stagnant, and it flows in the right direction, keeping your plants and soil healthy.

Another reason why drainage matters in landscaping is that it prevents water from damaging your property's foundation. If water is allowed to pool around your foundation, it can seep in and weaken the structure. Over time, this can lead to costly repairs. A proper drainage system prevents water from pooling and protects your property's foundation.

Types of Drainage Systems

There are two main types of drainage systems in landscaping: surface drainage and subsurface drainage.

Surface drainage involves the removal of excess water from the surface of your property. This is achieved through the use of gutters, downspouts, and culverts. These elements move water from one point to another, ensuring that it doesn't pool on your property.

Subsurface drainage, on the other hand, involves the removal of water from below the surface of your property. This is achieved through the use of French drains, catch basins, and dry wells. Subsurface drainage is particularly important in areas where the soil is clay-based or compacted, as these types of soil tend to hold water.

Improving Drainage in Your Landscape

If you're experiencing drainage issues in your landscape, there are several ways you can improve it. One of the easiest ways is to create a slope on your property. This will allow gravity to do its work and move water away from your property.

Another way to improve drainage is to install a French drain. This is a perforated pipe that's buried underground to collect and redirect water away from your property. It's a cost-effective way of draining water from your landscape.

You can also improve drainage by adding plants that are suited to wet soil conditions. Plants like ferns, cattails, and daylilies can absorb excess water and help improve drainage.


Drainage is an essential aspect of landscaping that can't be ignored. It ensures that your landscape is healthy, and your property is protected. Whether you're working on a new landscaping project or improving an existing one, you must consider your drainage system. With proper drainage, you can enjoy a beautiful and healthy landscape for years to come.