Soil Conservation Techniques: Composting for Sustainable Landscaping


Landscaping is an important aspect when it comes to enhancing the beauty and value of a property. However, landscaping can also have environmental impacts, especially if the soil is not managed properly. Soil conservation techniques are therefore crucial for sustainable landscaping. One such technique is composting, which helps to improve soil health and fertility, and reduce waste in landfills. This article will delve into the details of composting as a soil conservation technique for sustainable landscaping.

What is Composting?

Composting is a natural process that involves the decomposition of organic matter into a nutrient-rich fertilizer. In other words, it is a way of recycling food scraps, yard waste, and other organic materials to create a valuable resource for plants. Composting can be done at home or on a larger scale, such as in municipal composting facilities. The end product, compost, is a dark, crumbly substance that is rich in nutrients and beneficial microorganisms.

The Benefits of Composting for Sustainable Landscaping

Composting has numerous benefits when it comes to soil conservation and sustainable landscaping. These include:

  • Improving Soil Quality: Compost contains essential nutrients and micronutrients that plants need to thrive. It also improves soil structure, aeration, and water retention.
  • Reducing Waste: Composting reduces the amount of organic waste that goes to landfills, which benefits the environment and reduces greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Saving Money: Composting can reduce the need for synthetic fertilizers and other soil amendments, which can save money in the long run.
  • Reducing Water Usage: Healthy soil retains water better, which means less water is needed for irrigation.
  • Encouraging Beneficial Microorganisms: Compost is full of beneficial microorganisms that help to suppress harmful pathogens and pests in the soil.

The Basics of Composting

Composting is a relatively simple process that can be done at home or on a larger scale. Here are the basics:


  • Brown Materials: These include dry leaves, hay, straw, and shredded paper.
  • Green Materials: These include fresh grass clippings, vegetable and fruit scraps, and coffee grounds.
  • Water: Composting requires moisture to work properly. Aim for a moisture level similar to that of a squeezed-out sponge.
  • Air: Turn the compost pile regularly to ensure that it gets enough air.
  • Microorganisms: Composting is a microbial process, so it is important to have a healthy population of microorganisms in the compost pile. These can come from commercially available compost starters, or from adding finished compost to the pile.

The Process:

Composting is essentially a process of layering brown and green materials, adding water, and turning the pile regularly. The pile should be about 3 feet tall and 3 feet wide for best results. Here are the steps:

  • Start with a layer of brown materials, such as dry leaves or shredded paper.
  • Add a layer of green materials, such as fruit and vegetable scraps, grass clippings, or coffee grounds.
  • Add water to the pile to moisten it, but not saturate it.
  • Add a layer of microorganisms, such as compost starter or finished compost.
  • Repeat the layering process until the pile is 3 feet tall.
  • Turn the pile every few days to ensure that it gets enough air. This will help it break down faster.
  • Once the compost is dark brown and crumbly, it is ready to use.

Using Compost in Landscaping

Compost can be used in a variety of ways when it comes to landscaping. Here are a few ideas:

  • Add compost to flowerbeds and vegetable gardens to improve soil fertility and structure.
  • Use compost as a top dressing for lawns to improve soil health and reduce the need for synthetic fertilizers.
  • Mulch with compost around trees and shrubs to retain moisture and suppress weeds.
  • Use compost to make compost tea, a nutrient-rich liquid fertilizer that can be foliar sprayed onto plants.


Composting is a simple, effective way to improve soil health, reduce waste, and save money in landscaping. By following the basic principles of composting and using the resulting compost in landscaping, you can create a sustainable, beautiful property that benefits both you and the environment. So why not give composting a try?